Curriculum The BAS in Sustainable Science Management comprises a core curriculum emphasizing basic and applied science related to energy and sustainability, as well as communications and business fundamentals. Courses explore specific sustainability topics and recognize the inter‐relatedness of the three foundations of a sustainable society – economic growth, social progress, and environmental stewardship. The program offers both sustainability related as well as sustainability focused courses. Sustainability-focused courses concentrate on the concept of sustainability, including its social, economic, and environmental dimensions, or examine an issue or topic using sustainability as a lens. Sustainability-related courses incorporate sustainability as a distinct course component or module, or concentrate on a single sustainability principle or issue. The BAS SSM degree is granted to students completing a four‐year program. Students are encouraged to follow the Business Careers Option IV path to complete lower division requirements. Only courses numbered 100 or above, and taken with a letter grade, may be applied to the SSM degree; and for upper division courses only those with a grade C or better may be applied.

Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
BUS 120 Principles of Business
Surveys the fundamentals of American business enterprise.Treats the foundations and responsibilities of business, management, finance, marketing, and the legal, government, and social environment.
ENG 19; ENG 22; or consent 3
MGT 310 Introduction to Business Computing
Introduces the role of computers in the evolution of an information-based society. Reviews history and need for information processing, the basic information processing cycle and functions, processing capabilities of computers, system development, and program development. Provides students with experience in an operating system and business applications, such as word processing, database management, spreadsheets, and presentation software.
BUS 50 or 121 3
IS 106 College Orientation I
Develops knowledge, skills, and attitudes associated with personal, academic, and career success. Provides overviews of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Develops communication and teamwork skills. Encourages contacts with students and staff.
none 2
BUS 130 Business Communication – Oral *
Develops competence in oral communication within business and organizational context. Provides the theory and practical skills to be a confident and effective communicator in a variety of business and organizational settings. (Crosslisted as COM 130.) 3cr., 3hr. lect
ENG 22, 55, or placement at ENG 100 3
COM 145 Interpersonal Communication I *
Provides the theory and practical skills to be a competent communicator in a one-to-one setting.
none 3
COM 201 Intercultural Communication *
Explores problems and opportunities of communicating in a variety of intercultural contexts. Focuses on theory and practice in managing intercultural communication effectiveness.
ENG 100, or consent 3
SP 151 Personal & Public Speech *
Introduces the major elements of speech. Develops competence in two-person, small group, and public speaking situations.
(ENG 100) 3
SP 251 Principles of Effective Public Speaking *
Develops speech composition and delivery skills by providing extensive practice in preparing and presenting effective public speeches. Emphasizes critical thinking, clear reasoning, appropriate support, organization, outlining, audience analysis, and lively delivery skills.
ENG 22; placement at ENG 100; or consent 3
Eng 100 Composition 1 *
Discovers and applies the concepts of purpose, audience, and tone in writing. Emphasizes evaluating written texts and writing various types of essays, including writing from sources. Focuses on critical thinking.
ENG 22 or 55; placement in ENG 100; or consent 3
SSM 100 Introduction to Sustainability
Introduces the science of sustainability including vocabulary and basic concepts in green building, water and wastewater, waste management, sustainable land use and planning, unique dimensions to island sustainability, transportation, sustainable materials choices and supply chains, energy efficiency, and policy strategies.
ENG 19 or  placement at ENG 22; MATH 18 or placement at MATH 82; or consent 3

* Choose only one of the courses marked with an asterisk (*).


Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
ECON 131 Principles of Economics: Macroeconomics
Analyzes the forces determining national and international economic performance in such areas as employment, inflation, production, money supply, and trade. Presents, in historical context, the modern economic situation. Describes the relative roles of major economic institutions such as businesses, labor unions, government agencies, international organizations, and the banks.
ENG 19; or placement at ENG 100; MATH 82; or placement at MATH 103 3
PSY 100 Survey of Psychology *
Surveys the major areas in the field of psychology. Analyzes the major perspectives in the field and how these perspectives apply to human behavior. Studies memory, learning, personality, therapy, and abnormal behavior.
ENG 22 or placement ENG 100 3
SOC 100 Survey of General Sociology *
Develops knowledge, skills, and attitudes associated with personal, academic, and career success. Provides overviews of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Develops communication and teamwork skills. Encourages contacts with students and staff.
none 3
HWST 107 Hawai‘i: Center of the Pacific **
Introduces the unique aspects of Hawai‘I and Hawaiian culture in relation to the larger Pacific, including geography, origins, language, religion, land, art, and history.
ENG 22, placement at ENG 100, or consent 3
HIST 284 History of Hawai’i **
Surveys the economic, political, and social history of Hawai‘i from earliest times to the present.  Emphasizes the history of Hawai‘i since the time of European contact.
ENG 22 or 55; placement at ENG 100 or consent 3
ENRG 101 Introduction to Sustainable Technology
Introduces alternative methods for meeting long term energy needs, identifies and explores local resources including demand-side management of conventional gas and electric power and sustainable energy resources such as solar, wind, biomass, small hydroelectricity, geothermal, ocean thermal energy conversion, and alternative transportation fuel options
.
ENRG 19 or placement at ENG 22; MATH 18 or at least MATH 82; or consent 3
ENRG 103 Energy Production Systems
Introduces theoretical concepts and practical applications of sustainable energy systems. Develops knowledge of photovoltaic, thermal, wind, hydro, ocean thermal, fossil, ocean wave, and absorption systems, with emphasis on solutions for residential and commercial applications in Hawai‘i.
ENRG 101 (or concurrent), or consent 3

* Choose only one of the courses marked with an asterisk (*).

** Choose only one of the courses marked with a double asterisk (**).


Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
ACC 201 Introduction to Financial Accounting
Introduces accounting theory and methods used to record and report financial information. Analyzes methods of valuing assets, liabilities, and ownership of an organization.
ENG 22 or placement at
ENG 100; MATH 82 or placement MATH 100
3
ECON 130 Principles of Economics: Microeconomics
Analyzes the market mechanism, prices, competition, and the efficient allocation of scarce resources. Formulates possible solutions to contemporary economic and social issues such as world food problems, poverty and distribution of income, market power of business including multi-nationals, role of labor unions, energy crises, environmental pollution, consumerism, and welfare.
ENG 22 or placement at ENG 100; MATH 82 or placement MATH 100 3
BLAW 200 Legal Environment of Business
Introduces legal environment in which businesses operate with particular attention to principles of law relating to contracts, agency, commercial paper, partnerships, corporations, and government regulations.
ENG 22 or 55; placement at ENG 100; or consent 3
CHEM 151 Elementary Survey of Chemistry
Provides the beginning student with background in the fundamentals of chemistry. Intended for students needing a one-semester science course. Presents films, demonstrations, and experiments of introductory laboratory techniques illustrating chemical principles.
ENG 22 or 55; MATH 82 or placement at MATH 103 4
SSM 201 Sustainable Building Design, Construction and Operations
Evaluates the impact that chemical, physical, and biological agents have on environmental ecosystems. Examines how political, economic, and demographic diversity affects the natural environment with particular emphasis on island settings.
SSM 202; BIOL 171 and BIOL 171L; CHEM 151 or 161/161L; and MATH 135; or consent. 3
Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
ACC 202 Introduction to Managerial Accounting
Introduces methods for evaluating financial performance, including cost accounting, budget, break-even analysis, ratio analysis, and sources and uses of funds.
ACC 124 and 125, or ACC 201, or consent 3
BIOL 124 Environment and Ecology
Introduces legal environment in which businesses operate with particular attention to principles of law relating to contracts, agency, commercial paper, partnerships, corporations, and government regulations
ENG 22 or placement at
ENG 100
3
BIOL 124L Environment and Ecology Lab
Laboratory to accompany BIOL 124
BIOL 124 3
ENG 209 Business Managerial Writing
Focuses on the skills needed for effective business and managerial written communication. Emphasizes informative, analytical, persuasive, evaluative, and collaborative writing. Gives practice in writing memos, business letters, directives and instructions, short reports, and formal research reports.
ENG 209 3
MATH 135 Pre-Calculus Elementary Functions
Investigates linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions and related topics. This course is the first part of the precalculus sequence.
MATH 103 or placement at 135; ENG 100 3
Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
COM/PSY 353 Conflict Management and Resolution
Examines human communication in relational conflict. Examines human communication in relational conflict. Applies practices of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) processes in assessing and intervening in conflict situations using mediation and negotiation techniques in both personal and professional contexts. Includes Western, Eastern, and Hawaiian approaches to conflict management and resolution.
PSY 100 or SOC 100; BUS/COM 130, OM 145,COM 210, or PSY 253/COM 215; or consent 3
MGT 310 Principles of Management
Introduces activities and skills needed to successfully manage both domestic and international  organizations with an emphasis on decision-making. Includes communication, work motivation, group dynamics, leadership and organizational change, conflict, personality, and teamwork. Relates these concepts to performance, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.
BUS 120; PSY 100 or SOC 100; or consent 3
SSM 301 Sustainable Organizations
Construct and analyze a business case framework for sustainability-related activities;  calculate the carbon footprint of a facility, organization, or set of purchases; identify sustainability metrics for an organization; and perform a sustainability assessment of an organization.
SM 202; MATH 115; MATH 135 or consent 3
SSM 302 Environmental Health
Evaluates the impact that chemical, physical, and biological agents have on environmental ecosystems. Examines how political, economic, and demographic diversity affects the natural environment with particular emphasis on island settings.
SM 202; BIOL 171 and BIOL 171L; CHEM 151 or 161/161L; and MATH 135; or consent. 3
MATH 203 Calculus for Business and Social Science
Studies the basic concepts of differentiation and integration and their applications in the areas of finance, management, economics, and social sciences.
MATH 135 or placement at MATH 140; ENG 100; or consent. 3
Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
MGT 322 Organizational Leadership and Management of Change
Prepares managers to influence the human side of developing and implementing changes in organizations. Theory, cases, and exercises help managers to understand the socio-technical aspects of change; to see leadership as motivating organizational members; to understand their own ability to influence others; and to understand the leadership successes of noted leaders from all walks of life.
MGT 31; (PSY 100 or SOC 100) 3
ENG 316 Advanced Research Writing
Provides advanced knowledge in how to plan, develop, organize, and edit writing projects with clarity and precision. Emphasizes critical thinking skills, social, ethical, and political argument, and the ability to write a variety of work, including research projects in specific fields of study using appropriate documentation styles.
ENG 209 or 210; or consent.
(One of the ENG 250 series: 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 257E, 257F, or 257R.)
3
SSM 303 Sustainable Science Processes
Does not exist.
SSM 401 Environmental, Law, and Justice
Introduces legal and policy issues of environmental protection and decision-making. Explores the interplay of property rights, ecosystems integrity, interest group politics and jurisdictional sovereignty in the formulation and implementation of federal, state, local, and international environmental policy, keeping in the context of sustainability goals.
SSM 101; BLAW 200; SOC 100;  ENG 209; or consent. 3
Course Code Course Name & Description Prerequisites (Recommended) Credits
HUM 400 Changes and Choices
Explores ways in which the humanities can contribute to personal and work lives, especially as individuals face change and make decisions. Analyzes how individuals world-wide examine circumstances including the changing landscape of living among people of various beliefs and cultures, making decisions, and dealing with consequences of such decisions. Examines the onset of other choices presented to us as a result of the original decisions made, or alternatively, made for us by our choosing not to engage in the process.
HUM 316 or consent 3
SSM 392v Sustainability Internship
Applies skills to workplace in an occupation within the student’s area of interest in sustainable science management. Provides practical experience to develop knowledge and skills in the application of theory to actual problems in a non-classroom setting. Develops employment skills in the sustainable science management areas of energy, renewable energy, energy management, waste management, water and wastewater, policy, and related fields. Prepares students for the senior capstone project. Evaluation performed jointly by instructor and employment supervisor. Seminar – 1.25 hrs week. Minimum 75 documented field experience hours per credit (1 credit=75 hours; 2 credits=150 hours; 3 credits=225 hours.)
SSM 201 and SSM major, or consent 3
SSM 402 Water Resources Management
Examines typical means of managing freshwater resources with emphasis on island water and wastewater management techniques. Introduces water quality techniques and parameters as well as advanced wastewater treatment processes. Discovers principles of sustainability from hydraulics, hydrology, and distribution systems. Discusses water reuse and recycling practices on Maui.
SM 202, BIOL 124/124L, CHEM 151, and MATH 203, 3
Upper Division Elective 3
Upper Division Elective 3

SSM Course Descriptions SSM 101 Introduction to the Science of Sustainability Introduces the science of sustainability including vocabulary and basic concepts in green building, water and wastewater, waste management, sustainable land use and planning, unique dimensions to island sustainability, transportation, sustainable materials choices and supply chains, energy efficiency, and policy strategies. Prereq: ENG 19 with grade C or better or placement at least ENG 22, and MATH 1 or placement at least MATH 22; or consent. Recommended: placement at ENG 100. 3 cr., 3 hr. lecture.   SSM 201 Sustainable Building Design, Construction, and Operations Introduces principles of green building design and operations, including site planning and zoning, construction practices, energy efficiency, economics of green building, benefits and barriers, and the LEED rating system. Prereq: SSM 101, ENRG 101. or consent. 3cr., 3hr. lecture.   SSM 202 Sustainable Island Communities Introduces principles of design, construction, and operation of sustainable building, including engineering fundamentals and thermodynamics, the entire design process, commissioning, operations of lighting, water and energy systems site planning, construction practices, energy efficiency, heating ventilation and air conditioning processes and efficency, and the LEED rating system. Prereq: SSM 101, ENRG 101. or consent. 3cr., 3hr. lecture.

SSM 301 Sustainable Organizations In this course students will learn how to construct a business case for sustainability-related activities; calculate the carbon footprint of a facility, organization, or set of purchases; identify sustainability metrics for an organization; and perform a sustainability assessment of an organization. Prereq: SSM 101, MATH 115 with a “C” or better or consent. 3cr., 3hr. lecture.   SSM 302 Environmental Health Evaluates the impact that chemical, physical, and biological agents have on environmental ecosystems. Examines how political, economic, and demographic diversity affects the natural environment with particular emphasis on island settings. Prereq: SSM 101, CHEM 151, BIOL 12 with a C or better, or consent. 3 cr. 3 hr. lecture.   SSM 303 Sustainable Science Processes Introduces systems conversion of power sources to energy. Examines conversion processes of solar photovoltaic cells, wind turbines, wave technology, tidal technology, small and large scale hydro power technology, bio-mass, bio-fuel, waste to energy. Prereq: ENRG 103, MATH 135 with a “C” or better. Recommended: CHEM 151, MATH 203. 3cr., 3hr. lecture.   SSM 393V Internship Introduces students to the workplace in an occupation within the student’s area of interest. Prepares students to perform entry-level work requirements. Develops basic skills for the work environment. Learning outcomes developed by students, instructor, and employment supervisor. Students will be required to write a research paper on a topic that is related to their internship. Evaluation performed jointly by instructor and employment supervisor. 3cr.   SSM 401 Environmental Law, Policy and Justice Introduces legal and policy issues of environmental protection and decision-making. Explores the interplay of race, socio-economic status, and interest group politics in the formulation and implementation of U.S. federal and state environmental policy. Prereq: SSM 101, BLAW 201, SOC 101, ENG 209 with a “C” or better, or consent. 3cr., 3hr. lecture.   SSM 402 Water Resources Management Examines ways to manage fresh water resources with emphasis on island water management techniques. Introduces water quality analysis techniques and parameters as well as waste water treatment processes. Reviews principles of surface and groundwater hydrology and implications for policy making. Prereq: MATH 203, BIOL 124, CHEM 151, SSM 101 with a “C” or better, or consent. 3cr., 3hr. lecture.   SSM 403 Renewable Energy Integration Introduces techniques and information technology for renewable energy integration and storage. Examines existing polices and their effects on energy management and the public utilities. Provides current information on storage, generation, incentives, and relevant political programs. Prereq: SSM 101, MATH 203, ENRG 103 with a “C” or better, or consent. 3cr, 3hr. lecture.   SSM 475 Senior Capstone Project Provides an opportunity to demonstrate the techniques and understanding developed throughout the BAS Sustainability program. Includes energy auditing, computational analysis, sustainable strategic planning and financial assessment, water and resource conservation, impacts to human and ecosystem health, land use and transportation, policy and regulatory analysis, ,and social equity and ethical considerations. A capstone project is required. Prereq: Senior standing and approval of Sustainability faculty. 6cr., 6hr., lect/lab