MUS106  Introduction to Music Literature
Treats styles and forms of Western music. Develops skills in listening to and appreciating music. Introduces music styles in their historical and social contexts. 3cr., 3hr. lect. (CO, DH)

MUS107  Music in World Cultures
Analyzes folk, popular, and art music from major regions of the world, with emphasis on Asia and the Pacific. Develops a knowledge of representative styles and regional characteristics in world music. 3cr., 3hr. lect. (FGC)

MUS108 Fundamentals of Western Music
Recommended coreq: MUS 121C.
Introduces basic musical concepts to enable students to express themselves as budding composers, performers, listeners and teachers. Develops skills in listening to and writing down examples, clapping out rhythms, melodies and chords. Designed for the beginner with no previous musical training. 3cr., 3hr. lect. (HE, DA)

MUS114 College Chorus
Recommended coreq: MUS 123 or 124.
No previous choral experience required. Introduces performance of choral literature from the Renaissance to the present. Includes fundamentals of music and voice training. (May be repeated without limit for credit.) 2cr., 3hr. lect./lab (HE, DA)

MUS114H Hawaiian Chorus
Recommended: Previous vocal experience may be helpful.
Introduces basic vocal group performance. Studies ancient to modern Hawaiian songs. 2cr., 3hr. lect./lab (HE, HI, DA)

MUS121C Elementary Class Piano I
Prereq: Must have access to a piano or keyboard.
Designed for beginning pianists or for musicians who play another instrument. Develops understanding of concepts of melody, rhythm, harmony and form using simple songs. Develops basic keyboard technique by covering fingering, hand position, hand coordination, simple reading and chord exercises. (Cannot be audited.) 2cr., 3hr. lect./lab (HE, DA)

MUS121D Elementary Guitar Class I
Prereq: Requires a guitar in playable condition.
Introduces classroom instruction in guitar playing. Develops basic guitar technique by covering hand positions, fingering, scales, chords, and arpeggios. Teaches music reading. Applies reading skills to performance. Introduces a variety of guitar literature. 2cr., 2hr. lect./ lab (HE, DA)

MUS121G Elementary Hawaiian Steel Guitar Class
Prereq: Students must own or have access to a steel guitar in adequate condition for class use and practice. Students should have prior musical performance experience and an understanding of basic music theory and harmony.
Examines the history, development, and influential performers of Hawaiian steel guitar, and introduces repertoire, tunings, and performance techniques that students will demonstrate during in-class and outside performances. 2cr., 2hr. lect./ lab (HE, DA)

MUS122C Elementary Class Piano II
Prereq: MUS 121C with grade C or better, or consent. Must have access to piano or keyboard.
Develops basic keyboard skills established during the first semester, including both reading and playing by ear. Repertoire expands to a variety of styles, including classical, pop, jazz, and rock. (Cannot be audited.) 2cr., 3hr. lect. (HE, DA)

MUS122D Elementary Guitar Class II
Prereq: MUS 121D, or consent. Requires a guitar in playable condition.
Investigates further guitar techniques, ensemble and solo playing. Introduces sight reading. Develops skill in interpretation. 2cr., 2hr. lect./lab (HE, DA)

MUS123 Beginning Voice Class
Recommended coreq: MUS 108 and MUS 114.
Previous musical training is desirable but not necessary. Introduces principles of voice production as related to problems of voice literature, both technical and interpretive, at an elementary level. 2cr., 2hr.

MUS124 Intermediate Voice Class
Prereq: MUS 123, or consent. Recommended coreq: MUS 108 and MUS 114. Previous musical training is desirable but not necessary.
Develops principles of voice production as related to problems of voice literature, both technical and interpretive, at an elementary level. 2cr., 2hr. lect./lab (HE, DA)

MUS132 Applied Hawaiian Music
Prereq: MUS 123, or consent. Prerequisite: Student must own a guitar, ‘ukulele, bass guitar, keyboard, or upright bass in acceptable working condition, and bring instrument to each class. If the instrument requires electronic amplification, student must bring necessary equipment to each class. Enrollment is restricted to those students who auditioned for the A.S.C. in Hawaiian Music program, were accepted, and have received a grade of “C” or better in all prior courses that are required for the A.S.C.
Develops a Hawaiian music repertoire and performance skills. Students will be assigned to a group that will be mentored by faculty and established guest musicians, and will perform both in-class and outside the classroom. 2cr., 2hr. lect./lab (HE, DA)

MUS167 Evolution of American Popular Music
Traces the history of American popular music, including soul, blues, rhythm and blues, country and western, Dixieland, gospel, folk, and rock. 3cr., 3hr. lect. (CO, DH)

MUS176 History of Hawaiian Music (cross-listed as HWST176)
Focuses on older and western-influenced vocal and instrumental music of Hawai‘i. Music (and dance) will be examined both as an organization of sound (and movement), and as a product of culture and people. 3cr., 3hr. lect. (HAP, DH)

MUS180 Basic Theory and Aural Skills
Recommended: MUS 108.
Teaches basic concepts of music theory, notation, and reading applied to dictation and sight-singing. Introduces reading and sight-singing to students with limited skills in music. Develops listening and writing skills necessary to compose music. 2cr., 1hr. lect./2hr. lect./ lab (HE, DA)

MUS203 Instrumental Ensemble
Prereq: Consent by audition, or prior MUS203 with grade C or better.
Rehearsal and performance group for instrumentalists. Repertoire ranges from the Renaissance and Baroque to contemporary music, including major works for chorus and opera. (May be repeated without limit for credit.) 1cr., 2hr. lect./lab. (DA)

MUS216 Intermediate Piano Class
Prereq: MUS 121C and 122C, or consent.
Further develops basic keyboard skills established during the first two semesters, including both reading and playing by ear. Expands repertoire to a variety of styles, including classical, pop, jazz, and rock. Provides experience playing a solo in a recital. 2cr., 2hr. lect./lab (HE, DA)

MUS253 Basic Experiences of Music
Introduces components of music, specifically time, pitch, media, musical expression, and form. Demonstrates how these interact with each other to comprise a musical experience. Presents correlation between music and brain development in early childhood. Intended for Education majors. 3cr., 3hr. lect./1hr. lab (HE, DA)

MUS271 Introduction to Music Technology
Recommended: MUS 108, 121C, or 121D.
Develops an understanding of history and application of electronics in musical composition and performance. Facilitates the creative process in music through the application of technology. 3cr., 4hr. lect./ lab (HE, DH)

MUS272 Digital Recording Techniques
Prereq: MUS 271, or consent. Recommended: MUS 108 or 121C or 121D or ICS 161 or TCOM 261.
Continues MUS 271. Focuses specifically on digital audio recording and processing techniques on the Pro Tools HD platform as they apply to the audio arts and sciences. Explores the roles of engineer and producer in the digital audio studio environment. 3cr., 4hr. lect./ lab (HE, DH)